What programming languages should I learn in 2020? Answered

Are you sitting on the table with your search engine waiting for you to search for an excellent coding to learn? But you are confused because you do not know What programming language is in demand, essential so on. Well, this article is precisely what you have been searching for! This article is about the following:

  • What programming languages I should learn
  • Programming vs. Scripting
  • Some programming challenges in reality

So, let us get started!

What programming languages I should learn

What programming languages I should learn in 2020?


One of the most common programming languages used nowadays. It is an open-source programming language that has an extensive support module. The typing discipline that it has is a duck, dynamic, and gradual. It uses the following Operating Systems:

  • macOS
  • Windows Vista
  • Linux

Benefits of Python are: 

  • It is flexible 
  • Easily readable
  • Scripted in oppositions to compilation


It is a programming language, and a platform for computing language released first by Sun Microsystems in 1995. Java is so important and essential that most of the websites are not compatible without Java coding. Even in your laptops, gaming consoles, supercomputers, and so on, Java is used in everything and everywhere!

It is compatible with these operating systems:

  • Microsoft Windows
  • Linux
  • macOS
  • Solaris OS


  • It is effortless to learn
  • Java is object-oriented 
  • It is platform-independent


It is a programming language that is commonly used for web development. It was developed as an addition to increase dynamics and interactive elements for websites. Like PHP and such, JavaScript is a server-side language, and the code can be inserted anywhere within the HTML of a webpage.


  • client-sided language
  • easy to learn
  • no compilation required
  • platform-independent


It is a general-purpose programming language that has disciplines like:

  • object orientation
  • lexically scoped
  • component-oriented 
  • imperative
  • declarative
  • functional
  • generic

It was developed by Microsoft. There are many important features of C# that make it unique and essential in comparison to other programming languages. The benefits of C# are:

  • Fast Speed
  • Object-Oriented
  • Type-Safe
  • Scalable and Updatable
  • Structured Programming Language


It is a multi-paradigm, general-purpose, and compiled programming language which was developed by Apple for :

  • iOS
  • macOS
  • Linus
  • iPadOS
  • tvOS

Swift was designed mainly to be compatible with Apple Cocoa and the extensive Objective-C coding that is written for Apple products.

Benefits of Swift Programming:

It is a modern, safe, and fast and enables a level of interactivity in development. 

Along with that, it contains numerous features such as:

  • generics
  • closures
  • generics

And various other features that make it much easier to use, simplify the common patterns that are used in Objective-C.

Programming vs. Scripting

The fundamental difference between the two is that scripted and programming languages are the way they are executed. Programming language converts high-level programming language into machine language by using the compiler. Whereas, the scripted programming language uses an interpreter to do so. The compiler converts the coding as a whole, and on the other hand, the interpreter converts the coding line by line.

Programming vs. Scripting

Here are the significant differences


  • Programming language:

A formal language that is used to combine a set of instructions that a computer uses to generate the desired output.

  • Scripted language:

A programming language that can support scripts, which are programs are written specifically for a runtime environment, which is unusual to run the execution for the specific action or function.


  • Programming language:

Compiled programs run general faster in comparison to the programs that are interpreted programs. It is because the compilers analyze and read the code at once and check for errors and report them. 

  • Scripted language:

An interpreter takes a longer time to give reports or feedback of the coding because it interprets the coding and analyzes it line by line and stops in mid-execution if it finds an error in the line of coding.


Programming language: 

  • Java
  • Basic
  • C++

Scripted language:

  • Ruby
  • Python 
  • JavaScript


Programming language: divided into five categories:

  • First generation
  • Second generation
  • Third generation
  • Fourth generation
  • Fifth generation

Scripted language: have only two sub-categories:

  • Server-side Scripting languages  
  • Client-side Scripting languages 


  • Programming language:

They are designed to accommodate a full-fledged code and software development.

  • Scripted language:

They are designed to make coding much simpler and faster. 


  • Programming language:

They are compiled into a compact design that does not require any other language or application to be interpreted. Therefore, programming languages run independently without having a parent program.

  • Scripted language:

They are written in one language and have to be interpreted within another program. Therefore, scripting languages have to run inside another program. 


Programming languages are used to develop applications and languages that are used to write coding that can improve and control application behavior. 

Now you know how programming languages are different from scripting languages, and you can now pick a suitable language for you. 

Some programming challenges in reality 

Setting up 

Before you initially start with code, you need to get some starters. You need to choose a programming language, and then you require a compiler and a programming tutorial that will teach you how their computing language works with the compiler that you set up. These steps are very complicated.

Error messages from the compiler 

This may seem like a small issue because most beginners are not familiar with the strictness of the programming format that is the syntax. This causes them to run into a lot of error commands from the compiler to them due to wrong coding.


A lot of effort is required for debugging. To narrow down to one problem efficiently is very difficult. One type of problem is segmentation faults. Many programmers try to narrow down to the problem by adding in print statements stupid it how far the program can go before crashing despite the debugger knowing where the problem has occurred.

Designing a program 

Designing is a real challenge. Knowing how to do programming is one thing, but designing is another. Knowing how to put together your programming can be really difficult.

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